In an official context, urban planning is considered one of the most important processes that
have the modern city, due to the high degree of urban development that entails the advance of
projects to regulate the city. Its importance derives from the ability to have different economic
agents, experts and interdisciplinary groups to design the city according to urban patterns.
However, from the theoretical perspective of the social production of space, urban planning is
considered an ideological process used to create and reproduce spaces valued by the circulation
of private capital in the housing marke. Based on the previous statement, this study aimed to
analyze the urban planning in the context of capitalist production of space, considering a
theoretical and methodological analysis that allows to define the object of study as a concrete
reality, in order to outline a critical reflection on the nature of urban planning as a catalyst of
social disparities and the need of them to establish a capitalist order, mainly based in the
unequal access to housing.
Keywords: capitalism, city, urban planning, production of space, housing.